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Carla Pennington, Realtor®
Paula Thomas Real Estate Group
101 Cooperative Way Suite 205
Georgetown, TX 78626
Mobile: 512-635-2117
Email: Carla@CarlaPennington.com
 






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"What does the Lord require of me? To act justly, love mercy and walk humbly with my God." Micah 6:8

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Common Ways of Holding Title

How Should I Take Ownership of the Property I am Buying?

Real property can be incredibly valuable and the question of how parties can take ownership of their property is important. The form of ownership taken -- the vesting of title -- will determine who may sign various documents involving the property and future rights of the parties to the transaction. These rights involve such matters as: real property taxes, income taxes, inheritance and gift taxes, transferability of title and exposure to creditor’s claims. Also, how title is vested can have significant probate implications in the event of death.

The Land Title Association (LTA) advises those purchasing real property to give careful consideration to the manner in which title will be held. Buyers may wish to consult legal counsel to determine the most advantageous form of ownership for their particular situation, especially in cases of multiple owners of a single property.

The LTA has provided the following definitions of common vesting as an informational overview. Consumers should not rely on these as legal definitions. The Association urges real property purchasers to carefully consider their titling decision prior to closing, and to seek counsel should they be unfamiliar with the most suitable ownership choice for their particular situation.

Common Methods of Holding Title

SOLE OWNERSHIP

Sole ownership may be described as ownership by an individual or other entity capable of acquiring title. Examples of common vesting in cases of sole ownership are:

  1. A Single Man/Woman:

    A man or woman who has not been legally married. For example: Bruce Buyer, a single man.

  2. An Unmarried Man/Woman:

    A man or woman who was previously married and is now legally divorced. For example: Sally Seller, an unmarried woman.

  3. A Married Man/Woman as His/Her Sole and Separate Property:

    A married man or woman who wishes to acquire title in his or her name alone.

    The title company insuring title will require the spouse of the married man or woman acquiring title to specifically disclaim or relinquish his or her right, title and interest to the property. This establishes that it is the desire of both spouses that title to the property be granted to one spouse as that spouse’s sole and separate property. For example: Bruce Buyer, a married man, as his sole and separate property.

CO-OWNERSHIP

Title to property owned by two or more persons may be vested in the following forms:

  1. Community Property:

    A form of vesting title to property owned by husband and wife during their marriage, which they intend to own together. Community property is distinguished from separate property, which is property acquired before marriage, by separate gift or bequest, after legal separation, or which is agreed to be owned only by one spouse.

    Real property conveyed to a married man or woman is presumed to be community property, unless otherwise stated. Since all such property is owned equally, husband and wife must sign all agreements and documents of transfer. Under community property, either spouse has the right to dispose of one half of the community property, including transfers by will. For example: Bruce Buyer and Barbara Buyer, husband and wife as community property.

  2. Joint Tenancy

    A form of vesting title to property owned by two or more persons, who may or may not be married, in equal interest, subject to the right of survivorship in the surviving joint tenant(s). Title must have been acquired at the same time, by the same conveyance, and the document must expressly declare the intention to create a joint tenancy estate. When a joint tenant dies, title to the property is automatically conveyed by operation of law to the surviving joint tenant(s). Therefore, joint tenancy property is not subject to disposition by will. For example: Bruce Buyer and Barbara Buyer, husband and wife as joint tenants.

  3. Tenancy in Common:

    A form of vesting title to property owned by any two or more individuals in undivided fractional interests. These fractional interests may be unequal in quantity or duration and may arise at different times. Each tenant in common owns a share of the property, is entitled to a comparable portion of the income from the property and must bear an equivalent share of expenses. Each co-tenant may sell, lease or will to his/her heir that share of the property belonging to him/her. For example: Bruce Buyer, a single man, as to an undivided 3/4 interest and Penny Purchaser, a single woman, as to an undivided 1/4 interest, as tenants in common.

Other ways of vesting title include:

  1. A Corporation*:

    A corporation is a legal entity, created under state law, consisting of one or more shareholders but regarded under law as having an existence and personality separate from such shareholders.

  2. A Partnership*:

    A partnership is an association of two or more persons who can carry on business for profit as co-owners, as governed by the Uniform Partnership Act. A partnership may hold title to real property in the name of the partnership.

  3. As Trustees of A Trust*:

    A trust is an arrangement whereby legal title to a property is transferred by the grantor to a person called a trustee, to be held and managed by that person for the benefit of the people specified in the trust agreement, called the beneficiaries.

  4. Limited Liability Companies (L.L.C.)

    This form of ownership is a legal entity and is similar to both the corporation and the partnership. The operating agreement will determine how the L.L.C. functions and is taxed. Like the corporation its existence is separate from its owners.

*In cases of corporate, partnership, L.L.C. or trust ownership - required documents may include corporate articles and bylaws, partnership agreements, L.L.C. operating agreement and trust agreements and/or certificates.

Remember:

How title is vested has important legal consequences. You may wish to consult an attorney to determine the most advantageous form of ownership for your particular situation.

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Testimonials

Carla is a knowledgeable and honest agent who helped us buy our dream retirement home in Georgetown. She is very knowledgeable about the area, spent many hours showing us real estate that fit our taste and budget and became our advocate and negotiator when we found the house we wanted. Carla works for a great broker and if there were any questions that she wanted a second opinon on, she had immediate access to her staff and office. I would not hesitate to use Carla again and recommend her highly to all who want both a pleasant and profitable outcome for their real estate search. Mark & Sue
Carla Pennington has been our realtor for several years now in both buying and selling real estate.  She also has served as our leasing agent on homes that we own!  We totally trust Carla on her advice in our transactions and will continue to use her services in future transactions!  We consider her a friend! Great communicator, easy to work with, understood and found our needs. All round great lady & we've really enjoyed working with her! Dawn & Betty
We were at a potential purchase property and on a whim picked Carla's card from a stack that were on a table in the kitchen (front door wasn't locked so we let ourselves in). This whim was a blessing in disguise as Carla has to be one of the most attentive and considerate real estate representatives that I have ever had the pleasure to work with. She was very quick to respond, attentive to our needs, considerate of our small children, flexible in scheduling and just an overall downright wonderful experience. She left a 'good taste in our mouth' so to speak. Another plus for Carla is that my 20 month old daughter 'likes' no one and never gives hugs away. At our first meeting with Carla, our daughter gave her 2 hugs and has given her one each time she has seen her since. To me - this speaks volumes to Carla's stellar character. My husband & I would highly recommend Carla to anyone that wants an enjoyable and stress free buying/selling experience. Carla's counterparts in the Paula Thomas Real Estate Group are more than willing to step up to the plate should for any reason Carla not be able to assist and to me this makes a wonderful 'family' group to work with for a job well done! thanks Carla! Kelly & Shannon
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